A Fully Convolutional Neural Network-based Regression Approach for Effective Chemical Composition Analysis Using Near-infrared Spectroscopy in Cloud

Daiyu Jiang1; Gang Hu2; Guanqiu Qi2; Neal Mazur2

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1: College of Automation, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, China

2: Computer Information Systems Department, State University of New York at Buffalo State, Buffalo, NY 14222, USA

Received 19 June 2020; Revised 27 December 2020; Accepted 27 December 2020; Published online 5 January 2021




As one chemical composition, nicotine content has an important influence on the quality of tobacco leaves. Rapid and non-destructive quantitative analysis of nicotine is an important task in the tobacco industry. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as an effective chemical-composition analysis technique has been widely used. In this paper, we propose a one-dimensional Fully Convolutional Network (1D-FCN) model to quantitatively analyze the nicotine composition of tobacco leaves using NIRspectroscopy data in a cloud environment. This 1D-FCN model uses one-dimension convolution layers to directly extract the complex features from sequential spectroscopy data. It consists of five convolutional layers and two full connection layers with the max-pooling layer replaced by a convolutional layer to avoid information loss.Cloud computing techniques are used to solve the increasing requests of large-size data analysis and implement data sharing and accessing.Experimental results show that the proposed 1D-FCN model can effectively extract the complex characteristics inside the spectrum and more accurately predict the nicotine volumes in tobacco leaves than other approaches. This research provides a deep learning foundation for quantitative analysis of NIR spectra data in the tobacco industry.



Nicotine; Tobacco leaves; Near-infrared spectroscopy; Fully convolutional network; Cloud computing